We will do it in a land of ancient myths. The great island beyond the Pillars of Hercules, the birthplace of Sea Peoples, the realm of Hesperides beyond Ocean in the far west of the ancient world, the place of exile of Daedalus, Sardinia is situated in the middle of the western Mediterranean Sea.
It is an island that strikes inhabitants and visitors with its incomparable natural beauties, millennia-long history and unique traditions, language and culture.
Surrounded by crystal-clear water that bathes enchanting beaches and coves sheltered between granite cliffs, the island is dominated by mountains of granite and schist immersed in vegetation heavily scented with helichrysum and myrtle.
About the city
Situated in the South of Sardinia at the end of the long plains of Campidano, the city of Cagliari overlooks the centre of the Golfo degli Angeli, so called after an ancient legend. It is an Italian municipality and the capital of the island of Sardinia, an Autonomous Region of Italy. The city spreads over and around the hill of the historic district of Castello, which has height of a little more than 100 metres above sea level. Presently involving nine other hills, the city has nearly 150,000 inhabitants, which rise up to 630,000 inhabitants if the metropolitan area is considered.
Cagliari is an ancient city with a long history that has seen the rule of several civilizations. Archaeological findings indicate that human settlements date back at least to about 5,000 years ago, approximately from the Neolithic period to modern times. The buildings of the modern city lie over a continuous stratification of historical sites. These include prehistoric domus de janas, a large necropolis from Carthaginian era, an amphitheatre from Roman era, a Byzantine basilica, three towers dating back to Pisan era, fortifications that made Cagliari the core of the Spanish Habsburg imperial power in the western Mediterranean Sea.
From the 5th century AD, Cagliari is the seat of the Primate Roman Catholic archdiocese of Sardinia. From 1324 to 1848, Cagliari has been the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which became the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 and had Turin as the capital. It has always found important resources in its sheltered harbour, the oft-powerfully fortified hill of Castello, the salt from nearby lagoons, the wheat from Campidano plains and the Iglesiente mines. Today, Cagliari is a cultural, educational, political and artistic centre and the Sardinia’s economic and industrial hub, with one of the biggest ports in the Mediterranean sea and an international airport.
The University of Cagliari
Cagliari is the seat of the University of Cagliari. The University was founded in 1606 along the lines of the old Spanish Universities of Salamanca, Valladolid and Lérida with the name of Studium Generalis Kalaritanum. It originally offered courses concerning Law, Latin, Greek and Hebrew Literature, Liberal Arts, Medicine, Surgery, Philosophy and Science.
In the 18th century, the University statute was modified to favour the expansion of science faculties and institutes. Internationally acclaimed results were obtained in the 19th and 20th centuries in the fields of Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Archaeology. This long tradition of excellence is still alive, and various colleagues of ours have recently obtained important awards in different areas of Science, Engineering, Literature, and Medicine.
Designed by the Piedmontese engineer Saverio Belgrano di Famolasco, the new University building was completed at the end of the 18th century. Today it hosts the Rectorate and the administrative offices. In the 20th century, problems arising from severe damage to University buildings during the Second World War had to be dealt with and reconstruction was carried out.
The University of Cagliari is a medium-size public state University with about 36000 students, enrolled in 11 different Faculties, a teaching staff of over 1200 professors and a technical – administrative staff of roughly 1300 persons. Despite the difficulties met by the Italian University as a consequence of economical crisis, the University of Cagliari has shown significant vitality and has been included among the most virtuous ones.
Cagliari has in tourism one of its major industries. Tourists can admire historical venues such as its Carthaginian, Roman and Byzantine ruins as well as its monumental Middle Ages and Early modern period defence systems. However, Cagliari, and Sardinia in general, are much more famous for their recreational beaches and coastlines.
Cagliari has the urban beach of Poetto that can be easily enjoyed by citizens and tourists. However, the city is a traffic hub to the nearest beaches of Villasimius, Chia, Pula and Costa Rei. Pula is home to the archaeological site of the Punic and Roman city of Nora. Especially in summer, a lot of clubs and pubs are available for youth and tourists. Pubs and night-clubs are concentrated in the Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, a narrow street in Stampace district, Marina district, near to the port and Castello district. Numerous clubs are on the Poetto beach during summer season.
Cruise ships touring the Mediterranean Sea often make Cagliari a stop off for passengers and, as well. For a complete overview of touristic events and activities visit the official portal.
The weather in Cagliari at the beginning of June is usually fine with temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 °C during the day and 14 to 18 °C during the night. Clothing suitable for (early) summer is recommended.
Cagliari is located in the South of Sardinia. It can be reached:
Cagliari is getting more and more connected to Europe and beyond. There are direct flights to more than 80 cities.
Here is the list, updated for 2019:
If you prefer to arrive by boat, you can get to Cagliari from the following ports with Tirrenia.
You can get to Cagliari from the rest of Sardinia by train with FS Trenitalia.
The bus company ARST connects Cagliari with all of
Sardinia. To get from the port, the bus station or the train station takes 5 minutes on foot along via Roma.
Once you arrive in Cagliari, you can make use of our transfer service from the airport, port, bus or train station to your accommodation. If you would like to book this service please let us know when you enrol. If you prefer, there are buses, trains or you can take a taxi.
Hotels for all pockets are available in Cagliari. Half Board (HB) prices range from about 50 €/day for two-star hotels to about 170.00 €/day for five-star luxury hotels. Further information and hotel booking forms will be provided with the final announcement and in the web.
Photo Credit: Cristina Caboni, Marta Cappai, Unsplash